Vincit Qui Patitur



I write about the law, legal practice, languages, music, and other matters of interest. I hope something here will be of interest or use to you. Nothing here constitutes legal advice. Hic sunt dracones.


Articles by category.

Past article(s) available under this category:

Date: Dec 17, 2014
Time: 10:58

"午・午年 - Horse Years"

Reading: "午・午年" / うま・うまどし (Uma / umadoshi)

Source: 語源由来辞典.

【意味】 午とは、干支(十二支)の7番目。年・日・時刻などにあてる。方角の名で「南」。陰暦5月の異称。ご。



Phrase translation: "Horse / Horse years"

Reading: "午・午年" / うま・うまどし (Uma / umadoshi)

'Uma' (午) is the seventh of the Chinese zodiacs. It also refers to years, days, times and the like. As a directional name, it stands for "south". In the lunar calendar, it is a designation for the fifth month.

In dividing the Gregorian calendar by 12 (i.e. the number of Chinese zodiac years), the horse year occurs every 10 years.

The origins of the character for 'hammer' (杵) illustrates the stopping intersection point between up-and-down motions in pounding rice; in the duodecimal system, 'shougo' (正午) refers to the intersecting point where the first half of the number has ended and the second half begins.

In short, 'shougo' is thought as constituting the time in the midst of the 12th Chinese zodiac, when vegetations cease to grow and begin to die off.

Due to the widespread illiteracy of the common folk, the name for the animal ('uma') 'horse' (馬) came to be referred to as the 'uma' (午) of the Chinese zodiacs. However the order is uncertain, i.e. whether 馬 or 午 was used first.

The Japanese language has many homophones. (Read more about homophones on Wikipedia.)

Labels: ,

Archives by Date